HR Glossary

Organizational Change

What is Organizational Change?

Organizational change is the alteration of an organization’s structure, processes, or practices. The purpose of organizational change is to improve the organization’s effectiveness and efficiency. There are three types of organizational change: planned change, emergent change, and adaptive change. Planned change is change that is initiated by management and is typically premeditated. Emergent change is change that is the result of unforeseen events. Adaptive change is change that is the result of the organization’s response to environmental changes. Organizational change can be positive or negative. Positive change is change that is intended to improve the organization’s performance. Negative change is change that is intended to reduce the organization’s performance.

What are the benefits of Organizational Change?

There are many benefits to organizational change, including increased efficiency, productivity, and innovation. When an organization is able to successfully change and adapt to the ever-changing world around it, it is able to stay ahead of the competition and better meet the needs of its customers. Additionally, organizational change can help to improve employee morale and motivation, and can lead to a more positive work environment. Finally, organizational change can also help to streamline operations and reduce costs.

Who is responsible for Organizational Change?

There is no one definitive answer to this question. Organizational change can be the result of a variety of factors, including changes in technology, the economy, the legal landscape, or the needs of the customer base. In some cases, the responsibility for initiating and leading organizational change may rest with the CEO or other top-level executives. In other cases, the change may be driven by middle managers or frontline employees. Ultimately, the success or failure of any change initiative will depend on the extent to which all members of the organization are able to buy in to the new direction and work together to implement it.

What are the steps of Organizational Change?

There is no one definitive answer to this question as the steps involved in organizational change will vary depending on the specific situation and organization involved. However, in general, the steps involved in organizational change may typically include the following:

  1. Establish a clear and compelling vision for the future: This is essential in getting everyone in the organization on board with the change initiative and rallying them around a common goal.
  2. Define the specific goals and objectives of the change initiative: These should be specific, measurable, achievable, relevant, and time-bound.
  3. Develop a comprehensive plan for implementing the change: This should include details on how the goals and objectives will be achieved, who will be responsible for each task, and what resources will be needed.
  4. Communicate the change initiative to all stakeholders: This includes explaining the vision, goals, and objectives of the change, as well as the steps that will be taken to achieve them.
  5. Implement the change plan: This involves putting the plan into action and monitoring progress towards the goals and objectives.
  6. Evaluate the change initiative: This should be done periodically to assess how well the change is proceeding and identify any areas that need improvement.

Why do organizations go through Organizational Change?

There can be many reasons why an organization might go through a period of organizational change. Some reasons might include changes in the company’s leadership, a shift in the company’s focus, a response to new market conditions, or a need to cut costs. Whatever the reason, organizational change can be a disruptive and challenging time for employees.

During times of organizational change, employees may face new or increased workloads, changes in their job responsibilities, and uncertainty about the future of the company. In order to minimize the disruption and maximize the chances for success, it is important for organizations to communicate clearly and frequently with employees during times of change.

Employees who are kept informed and feel like they are a part of the change process are more likely to be willing to put forth the extra effort required during times of change. Organizations that successfully manage organizational change can reap significant benefits, such as increased efficiency and productivity, a more motivated workforce, and a stronger competitive position in the market.


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